Except from discovery.com article:
“While analyzing data from the LHCb detector, Sébastien Descotes-Genon of the University of Paris teamed up with Joaquim Matias and Javier Virto of the Autonomous University of Barcelona to report on some weirdness in the results of B-meson decays. B-mesons, which are hadrons composed of a quark and anti-quark, are generated inside the LHCb experiments and rapidly decay into a kaon (K*) particle and two muons (muons are the larger cousins of electrons), i.e. B → K*μ+μ–
In their results, the team noted a deviation in the angular distribution of the B-meson’s decay products. What’s more, this deviation isn’t random, there’s a pattern, a pattern not predicted by the Standard Model.
Though exciting, we’re not exactly at the champagne cork-popping stage quite yet. The team has found a 4.5σ significance with their statistical results, just shy of the 5σ required for a bona fidediscovery. Still, the statistical certainty in these results are certainly suggestive of something odd going on.”
Pretty wild, eh? A lot of the odd words aside, we have two main theories to everything. The Standard Model is what we currently go by, with String Theory trying to overtake it. Both may be wrong, as the Standard Model leaves out key explanations for little things like, oh say, gravity. But, it does hold up in a lot of key areas. String Theory is harder to prove, as it predicts a multiverse and 10 dimensions. Before dismissing it, it has key supporters and data also supporting it. Some data sides with the model we currently use, but the more high tech we get, and the more specific our algorithms become (like adding hundreds of extra decimal points to the computers that analyze and measure subatomic particles in the LHC, the more we realize the Standard Model is either not entirely correct, or incorrect entirely. We won’t know for awhile, but scientists are hard at work analyzing trillions of sheets of data trying to discover what makes the entire universe tick.
It may take a new form of physics to do so. This is the beginning.